pISSN: 2093-5811

무역보험연구, Vol.23 (2022)

DOI : 10.22875/jiti.2022.23.2.004

A Study on the Effect and Prospects of the RCEP - Focusing on the Automobile SCM -

YoungKyou Ha

(Dr, Department of International Trade and Logistics, Chung-Ang University)

본 연구는 RCEP 발효에 따른 자동차 산업의 단기적, 중장기적 경제효과와 대응방안에 대해 기존 협정들과 주요 HS CODE를 비교하며 공급망 운영전략을 논의하였다. 다자 FTA 및 지역 협정이 증가하는 상황에서 경제적 효과를 추구함과 동시에 국제 공급망 형성에 동참할 필요가 있으며 동참한 이상 그 혜택을 경제적, 정치적, 외교적으로 최대한으로 활용해야 할 것이다. 이러한 상황에서 본 연구는 자동차 산업에 대해 단기적인 경제효과뿐만 아니라 중장기적인 공급망 형성과 통상전략을 논하였다. 단기적으로는 현재 가진 자원과 공급망 내에서 연도별, 품목별, 조달지역별 경제효과를 검토해볼 수 있으며 중장기적으로는 공급망 재편성을 검토할 수 있을 것이다. 본 연구는 자동차 산업의 자원 배분과 공급망 형성에 기여를 할 수 있으며 이와 연관된 우리나 라 산업과 국가 통상정책에 시사점을 줄 수 있으리라 생각한다. 또한, 이러한 연구방법을 다른 산업에 동일하게 적용한다면 또 다른 시사점을 도출할 수도 있을 것이다.

RCEP 발효에 따른 영향과 전망 - 자동차 공급사슬을 중심으로 -

YoungKyou Ha

Purpose : The purpose of this study is to examine the effect and prospects of the RCEP on Automotive Industry which is Korea's representative key industry and also an important industry in China, ASEAN, and Japan. Research design, data, methodology : This study analyzed the impact and outlook on the supply chain of the automobile industry due to the entry into force of the RCEP by comparing the actual tariff rate change. The change in the tariff rate due to the entry into force of the RCEP was compared with the existing FTA tariffs by year, and through comparative analysis, import and export measures for each country and the overall applicability of the future supply chain were discussed. Results : As a result of the analysis, the short-term economic effect is not great, but it has been confirmed that there is a potential for mid to long-term economic growth if trade, logistics, and supply chain operation are harmonized by effectively using the RCEP regulations. To maximize this, it will be necessary to establish and implement the following short-term, medium-term, and long-term measures in connection. Conclusions : First, the advantage of RCEP is that it can eliminate the spaghetti bowl effect as the Direct Consignment and Rules of Origin are relaxed. Therefore, if you establish a strategy that can enjoy the maximum benefit within the large supply chain called RCEP with the resources you currently have, you will be able to save additional costs in addition to the superficial reduction in tariffs. Second, Long-term supply chain reorganization is required. From a long-term perspective, it is necessary to prepare for the formation of a new supply chain by considering tariff rates, logistics costs, and regional production costs. Finally, a trade strategy should be established in consideration of the US return to the TPP mentioned in several studies. In the scenario of the US returning to the TPP, the economic, political, and diplomatic gains and losses must be weighed.
  RCEP,FTA,Supply Chain,Automotive Industry

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